Europe is the choice of wood producers made from walnut wood. So why?This tree has many different categories and imitations. In this article we will discuss the raw material and properties of stock. Today, the number of enthusiasts who attach great importance to the quality and aesthetics of the wooden parts of rifles has gradually increased. The only tree used for rifle butts is walnut. Some native trees were used to an native. For example, when using olive tree, aesthetically positive results were obtained. However, the specific gravity of this tree, which is considerably higher than walnut, had an effect on the total weight of the weapon. Another drawback was that the timber of this tree contained a large number of defects and the productive productivity was low due to discard. Another “weak natif to walnut was beech wood used in air rifles. In the sixties, the beech tree was also used by the Franchi company on the Cadet model because it reduced the cost by about 30%. From a technical point of view, although the specific gravity of the beech is high compared to walnut, semi-automatic weapons did not have much problem. But this time, the lack of aesthetic appearance was revealed, because the butts made of this tree, which does not have the slightest vein, were like a flat “wood”. The only tree that can be an native, albeit partially, to European walnut comes from America American producers often use two types of wood. Black walnut called” Black “and light colored Walnut called” Claro". Black walnut grows naturally in the central states of America, especially in Kansas, Iowa and Missouri. Claro, which is light colored, is mainly located in California. Even if they cannot be compared with European walnuts in terms of quality, it is a fact that these walnuts are attractive in aesthetic terms. Our national manufacturers do not want to use these trees, especially the butts of superposed rifles. However, due to the trend towards the use of light rifles in users for several years, some manufacturers have begun to use light Claro walnut semi-automatic “light” types. because they can achieve lighter stockings up to 50 grams. Twenty-thirty years after these trees have been cut, a timber called “French walnut is produced, which is almost identical to European walnut with its aesthetics, durability and weight. In search of native exotic trees grown in Africa and Latin America were also tried, but the positive results were not achieved.So A tree that can compete with European walnut in terms of aesthetics, weight and durability has not yet been found. The Origine Of The Rifle Butt The European walnut, whose root is based in South-East Asia, grows in relatively warmer countries of the southern hemisphere. Therefore, it is possible to come across this tree in a wide area from Western Europe to India. For the rifle butts, aged and grown tree stumps are preferred. At first, the leading supplier of walnut tree was France. The supplier was in the Balkans when the raw material depleted. But since about 40 years the chief supplier is Turkey. Eastern Anatolia is a place where small carpenters and engravers have learned and developed this tree. Leading suppliers of weapons manufacturers are located in this region. There are many centuries-old walnut trees growing and developing in the region struggling with climatic conditions. Walnuts grown under heavy and difficult conditions give the best results in terms of aesthetics. Unfortunately, the number of trees available in this region is decreasing. The only geographic areas that can be an native to this region are the Caucasus and Kashmir regions for today. In other words, we are talking about macro-geographical areas within the borders of countries such as Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Pakistan and India. In this case, you can anticipate problems for purchasers, such as establishing business relationships with small manufacturers with different working habits in these countries, dealing with commuting, transportation and logistics challenges. Therefore, it will not be unreasonable to think that all these difficulties will inevitably be reflected in prices. HOW THE TREE IS CUTTING? Since the top quality wood comes out of the root parts of the tree, the first thing to do is to dig around and expose the roots at the point where the tree sticks to the soil, then cut the roots of the appropriate size. The next stage is the most critical and therefore only experienced workers are involved in this phase. It is the slicing and cutting process for obtaining the pieces in the butt profile from the timber. The most important point here is to detect defects in the wood and fine-tune the vessel distribution. CLASSES OF WOOD Aesthetic appearance is the main priority in the classification of butt drafts. Boards with minimum tonal differences between the veins and colors are separated from each other, with significant contrasts and distinct folds between the light and dark veins. As with all aesthetic assessments, the final decision is personal and is decided according to some usual criteria, especially for very high quality products. Usually the commercial rating is divided into six categories, from small to large. Companies that purchase the resulting stock drafts are subject to a number of classification and sorting operations according to their requirements and the type of rifle they will use. Veining Process Of Walnut As the interest and demand for rifles with valuable wooden parts grew steadily and the raw material gradually decreased, the rising prices caused a certain stagnation in the market before the year 2000. Arms manufacturers had difficulty responding to the market and could not control prices. Between 1995 and 2000, an Italian craftsman named Luciano Camaini had an ingenious idea. After a lot of experimentation and practice, he carried out a “veining” process for rifle butts. Firstly, this technique, which is applied only by Beretta with the definition of wood Extra wood,, has spread in a short time and has entered the field of application of many other manufacturers. This method was called Water Transfer Water Technology (TWT). It is necessary to go back a few years to understand the method. This system consists essentially of a three-dimensional application of a film of the desired graphic pattern to the gun surface. First, a protective lacquer is applied to the surface and then a primer is applied. The next stage consists of a real implementation of the predetermined pattern. For this, a special water-soluble film with patterns is used. This film is placed on the water surface of a water-filled container and covered with an activator. Then the object to be applied is immersed in the water, the film melts in the water and the inked patterns that it carries are wrapped around the object. In this way, the final object is applied to the object removed from the water as a final layer of clear varnish and the application is completed.